1495 – Friar John Cor records the first known batch of Scotch Whisky.
“To Friar John Cor, by order of the King, to make aqua vitae VIII bolls of malt.” — Exchequer Rolls 1494–95, Vol x, p. 487.
1779 – Benedict Arnold, a general during the American Revolutionary War, was court-martialed. Arnold was charged with 13 counts of misbehavior, including misusing government wagons. His notorious betrayal was still many months away, but the seed was sown.
In 1780, Sir Henry Clinton offered Arnold £20,000 for delivering West Point. Arnold told General Washington that West Point was adequately prepared for an attack even though he was busy making sure that that it wasn't. He failed. His name has since become synonymous with traitor. Say what you will, his eggs are delicious.
1855 – American William Walker conquers Nicaragua, makes himself president. He is executed by the government of Honduras in 1860.
1868 – Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico. Some of the provisions included sovereignty, rights of the Navajos to be protected, compensation to tribal members, and arrangements for the return of Navajos to the reservation established by the treaty. Though their territory had been reduced to an area much smaller than what they had occupied before the exodus to Bosque Redondo, they were one of the few tribes that were "allowed" to return to their native lands. Today the Navajo Nation is the largest Native American community in the United States.
1926 - Actress Marilyn Monroe was born Norma Jeane Mortensen in Los Angeles. Both of her maternal grandparents and mother were committed to mental institutions, so little Norma Jeane grew up in a slew of foster homes. She married at sixteen, worked in a munitions factory, dyed her hair blonde, and became Marilyn Monroe. She married Joe DiMaggio, Arthur Miller, and had alleged affairs with the Kennedy Clan. She was a sad little critter. She was 36 years old when she died from an overdose of barbiturates.
1974 – The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine; the article entitled "Pop Goes the Cafe Coronary.”
George W. Bush survived choking on a pretzel in 2002.
Tennessee Williams, the playwright, died after choking on an eye drop bottle cap.
An urban legend states that obese singer Mama Cass choked to death on a ham sandwich. People can be so mean. In fact, she died of a heart condition.
The Queen Mother was admitted to a UK Hospital in May 1993 after choking on a fish bone.
2001 - Crown Prince Dipendra of Nepal kills nine members of his family, including his father and mother, King Birendra of Nepal and Queen Aiswarya. Dipendra was proclaimed King while in a coma, but he died three days later from a self inflicted gunshot wound. The guy slaughters his entire family, and he still is crowned king? Wikipedia gives a handy list of the attack types: Fratricide, patricide, sororicide, regicide, matricide, and avunculicide. E hole la!