1881 - Clara Barton and Adolphus Solomons found the American National Red Cross, an organization established to provide humanitarian aid to victims of wars and natural disasters.
1924 - Fourteen-year-old Bobbie Franks is abducted from a Chicago street and killed. The killers, Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb, were extremely wealthy and intelligent teenagers whose sole motive for killing Franks was the desire to commit the "perfect crime." Both were convinced that their intelligence exempted them from the laws that bound other people. Leopold had already completed college, and was attending law school at the University of Chicago. Loeb was the youngest graduate in the history of the University of Michigan, and planned to enter the University of Chicago Law School.