1787 – Captain Arthur Phillip leaves Portsmouth, England with eleven ships full of convicts to establish a penal colony in Australia.
1846 – The United States declares war on Mexico. Mexico, claiming that the official boundary was the Nueces River, considered the advance of Taylor's army an act of aggression (which it was) and in April sent troops across the Rio Grande. Polk, in turn, declared the Mexican advance to be an invasion of U.S. soil, he asked Congress to declare war on Mexico, which they did.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed on February 2, 1848, ended the war. The Rio Grande was made the southern boundary of Texas, and California and New Mexico were ceded to the United States. In return, the United States paid Mexico the sum of $15 million.
1917 – Ten year old Lúcia Santos and her younger cousins, siblings Jacinta and Francisco Marto report the first apparition of the Virgin Mary in Fátima, Portugal. She appeared for six consecutive months on the 13th of each month. According to Lúcia's account, the woman imparted sacred secrets to the children.
Two of the children died, Spanish Flu. Both children had their remains exhumed in 1935 and again in 1951. Jacinta's face was found incorrupt, fresh as a daisy; where as her brother’s body had decomposed. Who decided to dig them up? We should do that again. That left Lucia as the only shitty secret keeper. The Vatican made her tell, therefore negating all of existence.
Nazi/Emperor Pope said of the third secret and final secret:
"A careful reading of the text of the so-called third 'secret' of Fatima ... will probably prove disappointing or surprising after all the speculation it has stirred. No great mystery is revealed; nor is the future unveiled."
I'm swayed more by, Father Malachi Martin, who wrote the 3rd was all about the satanic infiltration of the Catholic Church, and the approach of apocalyptic events. Dude, the Emperor is in charge!
1933 - Roger Zelazny, American author, is born.
1940 - Winston Churchill gave his first speech to the British Parliament:
I would say to the House as I said to those who have joined this government: I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat. We have before us an ordeal of the most grievous kind. We have before us many, many long months of struggle and of suffering.
You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word: Victory. Victory at all costs — Victory in spite of all terror — Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival.
1964 – Stephen Colbert, American comedian and actor, begotten by the father.
1994 – Johnny Carson makes his last television appearance on Late Show with David Letterman.