1881 - Clara Barton and Adolphus Solomons found the American National Red Cross, an organization established to provide humanitarian aid to victims of wars and natural disasters.
1924 - Fourteen-year-old Bobbie Franks is abducted from a Chicago street and killed. The killers, Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb, were extremely wealthy and intelligent teenagers whose sole motive for killing Franks was the desire to commit the "perfect crime." Both were convinced that their intelligence exempted them from the laws that bound other people. Leopold had already completed college, and was attending law school at the University of Chicago. Loeb was the youngest graduate in the history of the University of Michigan, and planned to enter the University of Chicago Law School.
Loeb stabbed Bobbie Franks, a neighbor and distant cousin in the backseat of a rented car. After Franks bled to death on the floor of the car, Leopold and Loeb threw his body in a previously scouted area. In an attempt to throw police off their trail, they sent a ransom note demanding $10,000 to Franks' father.
The body was discovered the next day. While searching for evidence, the detective discovered a pair of eyeglasses found near the body, unremarkable except for a unique hinge mechanism. In Chicago, only three people had purchased glasses with such a mechanism, one of whom was Nathan Leopold. Dumbass left his glasses. What he didn’t notice that? Genius, my ass.
Upon being questioned, Leopold told police he had lost the glasses while bird watching. Loeb told the police that Leopold was with him the night of the murder. They claimed they had picked up two women in Leopold's car and had dropped them off later in the night. Unfortunately for the tontos, Leopold's car was being repaired by his chauffeur that night. Ha-ha, stupid. To prison they go. Loeb is stuck with a shiv in the prison shower and dies. Leopold, on the other hand, is released from prison in early 1958. He kicks it in Puerto Rico, until he kicks it.
1927 – Charles Lindbergh touches down at Le Bourget Field in Paris, completing the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean. I remember him mostly for his Nazi sympathies and outspoken anti-Semitic views, but that is just me. He also had quite a few non-legit families overseas. Lucky Lindy, indeed.
1932 – Five years to the day of Lindbergh, female aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first pilot to repeat the feat, landing her plane in Ireland after flying across the North Atlantic.
1936 –Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her handbag.
1979 – White Night riots in San Francisco following the voluntary manslaughter conviction (most lenient sentence) of former policeman, Dan White for the assassinations of San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk.
White's sentence was reduced due in part to the so-called Twinkie Defense Basically, it said that White had a diminished capacity due to depression, caused by refined sugar. The copious amounts of junk food White consumed were cited as a symptom of his mental state.